Near Field Communication (NFC) technology is a short-range wireless communication technology that enables the exchange of data between devices over a distance of a few centimeters. It was first developed in the late 1980s by Sony and Philips as a way to transfer music files between devices. However, it wasn’t until the early 2000s that NFC technology began to be widely used in consumer electronic devices.
The origins of NFC technology can be traced back to radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology, which was developed in the 1940s to identify and track objects using radio waves. In the 1980s, Sony and Philips saw the potential for RFID technology to be used for transferring data between devices and set out to develop a new technology that could do just that.
They called this new technology Near Field Communication (NFC) because it uses radio waves to communicate over a short distance, usually less than four inches. This is in contrast to other wireless communication technologies such as Bluetooth, which can communicate over much longer distances.
NFC technology has a number of practical uses in our daily lives. One of the most common uses of NFC is in contactless payment systems, where consumers can make purchases by simply waving their NFC-enabled device over a terminal. This is especially convenient for small purchases, such as a cup of coffee or a newspaper, as it eliminates the need to fumble with cash or credit cards.
NFC technology is also used in public transportation systems, where it can be used to pay for tickets or access transit services. It is also used in event ticketing, where NFC-enabled tickets can be scanned at the entrance to an event.
Another common use of NFC technology is in the sharing of contact information between different mobile devices, a great example of this are the Personal and Business versions of our contactless business cards.
Overall, NFC technology has made our lives more convenient and efficient by providing a quick and easy way to transfer data between devices. It is a technology that is sure to continue to play an important role in our daily lives for years to come.